In contrast, the European Union's "Privacy and Electronic Communications Directive" restricts websites' ability to use consumer data much more comprehensively. The EU limitations restrict targeting by online advertisers; researchers have estimated online advertising effectiveness decreases on average by around 65% in Europe relative to the rest of the world.:58
A new FlexJobs survey Top 100 Companies to Watch for Telecommuting and Remote Jobs in 2016. says writer, engineer, marketing manager, adjunct faculty and software developer are among the most common work from home opportunities. Since 2005 there has been a 103% growth in the number of telecommuters in the USA. People who telecommuted in both 2014 and 2015 said that they telecommuted 22 percent more in 2015.
There are numerous ways that advertisers can be overcharged for their advertising. For example, click fraud occurs when a publisher or third parties click (manually or through automated means) on a CPC ad with no legitimate buying intent. For example, click fraud can occur when a competitor clicks on ads to deplete its rival's advertising budget, or when publishers attempt to manufacture revenue.